Here are the four groups on Medicaid in Minnesota – TwinCities.com-Pioneer Press
RELATED: Hidden majority of MN Medicaid spending: elderly and disabled
FAMILIES WITH CHILDREN
The biggest population is what’s called “families with children,” with around 690,000 enrollees. It provides medical coverage for low-income families with children. Able-bodied adults without children generally don’t qualify for this assistance, nor does anyone with income above the federal poverty line — $24,300 for a family of four. Last year this population cost $3 billion in combined state and federal money.
ADULTS WITHOUT CHILDREN
Added to the families with children population that as part of the 2010 Affordable Care Act’s Medicaid expansion were around 209,000 Minnesotans. These people qualify for Medicaid if they earn up to 133 percent of the federal poverty line — $15,800 for an individual or $32,319 for a family of four. There are no family size requirements for this program. In Minnesota in 2016 this cost the state and (primarily) the federal government $1.6 billion.
The other two programs are less well-known but have huge impacts on both Minnesotans’ lives and Minnesota’s budget.
Medicaid covers about 61,000 low-income senior citizens in Minnesota. To qualify for this assistance, seniors must be not only low-income, but also low-asset: They’re required to spend down any savings they have first before receiving Medicaid benefits. Most of the people in this program are also on Medicare; for these so-called “dual eligibles,” Medicaid covers Medicare’s out-of-pocket costs. This cost $2 billion in 2016.
THOSE WITH DISABILITIES
Finally, there are about 119,000 Minnesotans with significant disabilities receiving Medicaid coverage. These are often people with developmental disabilities. “Those are not the work-comp kind of injuries,” said Sen. Jim Abeler, R-Anoka.
Adults on Medicaid for the disabled must be low-income, but children with disabilities are usually covered regardless of family income. The 2016 cost for these individuals was $4.3 billion.